Henry Gaines emigrated from England to Lynn, Massachusetts, in 1638. His son John moved to Ipswich and married Mary Treadwell. They had one son John II, born in 1677, who along with his sons Thomas and John III were wood turners. The Gaines family produced numerous types of chairs commonly found in colonial New England, but their work was distinguished by the use of carved feet, yoke-shaped cresting, and designs on the front and back stretchers. John Gaines III relocated to Portsmouth NH, and by 1740 owned and operated a thriving chair-making company.
The following presentation by John Fiske, chairman of the Ipswich Historical Commission is provided by the Ipswich Museum and Ipswich ICAM.