First Period Houses

The First Period of colonial American architecture was approximately 1626 through 1725. There are believed to be 59 First Period houses in Ipswich, more than any other town in the nation.

First Period houses have steeply pitched roofs, are asymmetrical due to having been built in phases, and feature large central chimneys. Exposed chamfered summer beams are almost always found, especially in the front rooms. First Period builders were often trained in English Medieval techniques. The fronts of these houses often faced south to maximize heat from the sun’s rays, which explains why so many First Period homes line the north side of High Street in Ipswich. Most of these earlier homes were updated to appear Georgian as they were enlarged or remodeled, but the lack of symmetry and the large central chimneys generally remain.

The Second Period refers to Colonial Georgian architecture, from approximately 1725 until the American Revolution, which ushered in the Federal era. While often appearing similar to fine First Period homes, second Period houses generally feature a planned balanced facade, pilasters, other ornamental details and chimneys on either end of the house.

Read a detailed description of First Period construction 

Historic New England provides a description of each period style:

Ipswich First Period houses

The following is a complete list of 59 houses in Ipswich believed to have original elements of First Period construction (1625-1725).

Documentation

The Swasey Tavern on Poplar Street is historically documented before 1720, but First Period construction elements are no longer apparent. The Tilton-Smith house on Argilla Road suffered a devastating fire several years ago but the owners meticulously duplicated the original structure. A second table at the end of this document lists additional houses built during the transition period from First to Second Period that have not been confirmed to have First Period construction.

Dates shown indicate the date of construction for the First
Period section, or if not known, the oldest confirmed date of construction.

Address House (photo) Year
43 Argilla Rd Burnham-Giddings 1650
151 Argilla Rd Isaac Goodale 1670
41 Candlewood Boardman-Fellows 1705
49 Candlewood Robert Kinsman 1714
7 County St Thomas Dennis 1670
9 County St Benjamin Dutch 1700
8 East St Matthew Perkins 1709
30 East St Jordan-Snelling 1700
76 East St Hodgkins – Lakeman 1690
80 East St Perkins-Hodgkins 1700
16 Fellows Rd Ruth Fellows 1714
24 Fellows Rd Fellows-Appleton 1693
51 Fox Creek Rd Bennett’s Farm 1680
12 Green St Andrew Burley 1688
42 Heartbreak Thomas Low 1684
45 Heartbreak James Burnham 1687
13 High St Joseph Willcomb 1668
17 High St Thomas Lord 1658
26 High St Phillip Call 1659
27 High St Edward Brown 1650
33 High St Waldo-Caldwell 1660
34 High St White Horse Inn 1658
41 High St Daniel Lummus 1686
45 High St Jonathan Lummus 1712
52-54 High St Kingsbury-Lord 1660
77 High St John Kimball 1680
82 High St Brewer – Bowles 1700
88 High St Simon-Shatswell 1640
95 High St Simon Adams 1700
103 High St Merchant-Choate 1639
104 High St John Kimball 1715
106 High St Orange Shutters 1715
3 Hovey St John Kendrick 1665
49 Jeffreys Neck Paine-Dodge 1694
52 Jeffreys Neck Ross Tavern 1675
52 Jeffreys Neck Shatswell Cottage 1646
51 Linebrook Harte House 1650
40 Mill Rd. Caleb Warner 1634
22 Mineral St Ephraim Harris 1696
2 North Main John Appleton 1707
47 North Main Day-Dodge 1720
7 Poplar St Dr. John Calef 1671
4 South Main Sherborne Wilson 1685
1 S Village Gr. John Whipple 1653
9-11 Summer Nathaniel Hovey 1718
15 Summer St Jonathan Pulcifer 1718
27 Summer St Thomas Knowlton 1688
39 Summer St Foster -Grant 1717
43 Summer St Willcomb-Pinder 1718
44 Summer St James Foster 1720
24 Topsfield Rd Appleton-Kimball 1688
41 Turkey Shore Emerson – Howard 1640
8 Warren St David Grady 1720
6 Water St Preston – Foster 1690
8 Water St Harris – Sutton 1678
28 Water St Harris Stanwood 1696
32 Water St Jabesh Sweet 1713
36 Water St York – Averil 1715

The following houses were built at the end of the First Period but are considered to be architecturally Second Period or are undocumented.

168 Argilla Rd
Tilton-Smith 1706
5 County St Ringe-Leatherland 1718
11 County St
Bennett-Caldwell 1725
47 County St Benjamin Grant 1735
14 East St Baker-Newman 1725
18 East St Dodge 1725
26 East St Polly Dole 1720
62 East St Wainwright-Treadwell 1727
1 High St Rogers Old Manse 1727
3 High St John Gaines 1725
30 High St Joseph Bolles 1720
37 High St Lord-Baker 1720
73 High St Nathaniel Lord 1720
115 High St Baker-Sutton 1725
110 High St John Kimball Jr. 1730
41 Linebrook Old Cross Farm 1716
297 Linebrook Chapman 1720
50 North Main
James Brown 1720
2 Poplar St
Swasey Tavern 1700
59 South Main Philomen Dean 1716
31 South Main Joseph Manning 1726
69 South Main Samuel Dutch 1723
3 Summer St
Benjamin Kimball 1720
5 Summer St Widow Fuller 1725
130 Topsfield Rd
Robert Wallis 1747
1 Turkey Shore Burham-Patch 1730
48 Turkey Shore Nathaniel Hodgkins 1720
67 Turkey Shore Stephen Boardman 1725
12 Water St Glazier – Sweet 1728
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